Water is required by all organisms around the world. With no more than 3% available to humans in the form of fresh water, the need for the conservation of precious natural resources is even greater. We use water for many activities besides drinking, so saving the natural resource is an essential requirement for life on the planet.
Safely managed water is an essential part of protecting human health. In resource-constrained settings, it is very difficult to have elaborate infrastructure in relation to public health and sanitation. Good water and waste management practice, if implemented consistently, can go a long way and can serve as a blessing for homes, communities, health care facilities, schools and other public places.
Every year, thousands of people die from diseases induced by unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or poor hygiene. Lack of access to safe water at home is something that billions of people around the world have to face. More than half of the world’s population does not have access to safely managed sanitation. Women, in particular, have to bear the brunt of the lack of availability of clean and safe water in the developing world. In fact, every year hundreds of children die of water-borne diseases alone.
Most of the people living in extreme poverty in rural areas are largely dependent on agriculture and such activities for their survival. The well-being of these people is intimately linked to the natural environment, which is vulnerable to water scarcity, environmental destruction and climate change.
In the larger scope and interest of community livelihood and wellbeing, a person should build water and sanitation capacity.
- It is important to understand the maintenance and repair of water systems.
- It is necessary to develop new sustainable water sources, especially for rural areas. Local communities should join hands to drill new wells and boreholes.
- Existing ones should be repaired. As well as constructing water tanks for livestock and constructing and repairing water towers, can play a large role in ensuring a reliable supply of clean water.
- Communities can be empowered to construct and repair toilets in homes, schools and public places.
- Dedicating public resources of public or state governments to water infrastructure projects can help in sanitation construction.
- If local communities can implement water conservation techniques such as drip irrigation and rain harvesting projects, it can help build sanitation in the area. In this way, water is used sparingly and water can be collected for future use before it reaches the ground.
Good hygiene is not only a convenience, it helps improve living conditions and save lives.
To raise awareness about water harvesting and conservation of resources, News 18 has started in association with Harpic. Mission paani Campaign. The initiative aims to conserve the natural resource for all.