4 Lesser-Known Facts About Agriculture and People Indulged in the Profession

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Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy. (Image: Shutterstock)

Today we will try to shed some light on the lesser known facts about agriculture.

Agriculture forms the backbone of any country, especially India, where about 42% of the total workforce is engaged in agriculture. In addition to providing food for the direct consumption of the people, agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy as the export of agricultural products expands trade and commerce and brings decisive foreign exchange to the country. Meanwhile, many industries rely on agriculture for raw materials, which are then turned into valuable finished goods.

But aside from the economic aspect, today we will try to shed some light on the lesser known facts about agriculture. Below are some less spoken issues that are specific to those engaged in agriculture and farming.

  1. The dark side of farming
    Farming is considered to be very profitable if there are favorable conditions for the crop, on the other hand, it can also cause huge financial loss. Farmers generally rely on natural factors for proper nutrition of the crop. However, there should be adequate supply of sunlight, water and nutrients as more or less supply of these can lead to complete destruction of the crop. In the worst cases, when crops are hit by hailstorms or heavy rains, farmers suffer heavy losses and are often forced to take extreme measures such as suicide.
    Suicide is very prevalent among farmers because when their crops fail and they are unable to repay loans to lenders or banks, they have no choice. Lack of mental health care services in rural areas also exacerbates such situations.
  2. Hard life
    Farmer’s day usually starts early in the morning and sometimes even before sunrise. Unlike other jobs where one gets the benefit of taking leave from work, farmers cannot afford to take leave from work. Crops need regular maintenance and nutrition and farmers need to irrigate them at adequate distances to ensure healthy growth. In addition those who are involved in farming have to work hard from the beginning of the farming process where they first plow the field, sow the seeds and also spray pesticides to control the pests. Moreover, it is imperative to keep an eye on the weather as heavy rains can destroy months of hard work in hours.
  3. Not a man’s job
    From plowing the field to harvesting the crop and all the other steps between them, agriculture needs a significant workforce. Farmers usually grow crops on several acres of land which makes it difficult for one person to take care of it. Thus, many landowners often hire workers to work in their field and receive wages for the work done. Farmers who do not have the financial capacity to hire workers, instead involve their family members in the process and then contribute to all the farming. In the villages, women are often seen harvesting and irrigating the fields while their husbands and children are plowing the fields.
  4. Expensive affair
    To grow a particular crop, the farmer first needs to accumulate many resources that can easily pierce his pocket. In addition to all the labor that is grown, a person has to take a loan to buy many things, including seeds, tractors, pesticides, fertilizers and tubewells. Most farmers rely on village lenders for loans and then fall into debt traps due to the high interest charged by the lenders. As farming processes become more sophisticated nowadays, farmers are also increasingly speeding up and buying machines and tools that simplify their work but at the same time increase their costs.
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